Distributive justice & disability [electronic resource] :utilitarianism against egalitarianism / Mark S. Stein.
By: Stein, Mark S.Material type: BookPublisher: New Haven : Yale University Press, c2006Description: 1 online resource (x, 304 p.).ISBN: 9780300128253 (electronic bk.); 0300128258 (electronic bk.); 0300100574 (alk. paper); 9780300100570; 1281721883; 9781281721884.Other title: Distributive justice and disability [Spine title].Subject(s): Distributive justice | People with disabilities -- Services for | SOCIAL SCIENCE -- People with Disabilities | Electronic books | შეზღუდული შესაძლებლობის მქონე პირები-- სადისტრიბუციო სამართლიანობაGenre/Form: Electronic books.DDC classification: 362.401 Online resources: EBSCOhost
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|ელ.რესურსი||ეროვნული სამეცნიერო ბიბლიოთეკა 1||36 (Browse shelf)||Available|
Includes bibliographical references (p. -299) and index.
Intuitionist theory and interpersonal comparisons -- Disability and welfare -- Utilitarianism and distribution to the disabled -- Egalitarianism and distribution to the disabled -- Rawls -- Dworkin -- Ackerman -- Welfarism weighted or unweighted? -- Intuition about aggregation -- Distribution of life.
Theories of distributive justice are most severely tested in the area of disability. Mark Stein argues that utilitarianism performs better than egalitarian theories in this area: egalitarian theories help the disabled either too little or too much, while utilitarianism achieves the proper balance by placing resources where they will do the most good. Stein critiques the work of egalitarian theorists John Rawls, Ronald Dworkin, Amartya Sen, Bruce Ackerman, Martha Nussbaum, Norman Daniels, and others. He claims that egalitarians are often driven to borrow elements of utilitarianism in order to make their theories at all plausible. Stein concedes that both utilitarians and egalitarians face problems in the distribution of life-saving medical resources. He advocates a version of utilitarianism that would distribute life-saving resources based on life expectancy, not quality of life. Egalitarian theories ignore life expectancy and so are again found wanting.