Between Psychology and Philosophy [electronic resource] : East-West Themes and Beyond / by Michael Slote.
Contributor(s): SpringerLink (Online service).Material type: TextSeries: Palgrave Studies in Comparative East-West Philosophy: Publisher: Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020Edition: 1st ed. 2020.Description: X, 215 p. online resource.Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9783030225032.Subject(s): Philosophy of mind | Emotions | China—History | Philosophy of Mind | Emotion | History of ChinaAdditional physical formats: Printed edition:: No title; Printed edition:: No title; Printed edition:: No titleDDC classification: 128.2 LOC classification: B53Online resources: Click here to access online
Chapter 1: Introduction -- Chapter 2: Yin-yang, Mind, and Heart-Mind -- Chapter 3: Moral Self-Cultivation East and West: A Critique -- Chapter 4: Philosophical Deficiencies East and West -- Chapter 5: The Many Roles of Empathy -- Chapter 6: How Justice Pays -- Chapter 7: The Impossibility of Egoism -- Chapter 8: Further Connections -- Conclusion. .
This open access book discusses a variety of important but unprecedented ways in which psychology can be useful to philosophy. The early chapters illustrate this theme via comparisons between Chinese and Western philosophy. It is argued that the Chinese notion of a heart-mind is superior to the Western concept of mind, but then, more even-handedly, the relative strengths and weaknesses of Chinese and Western thought overall are critically examined. In later chapters, the philosophical uses of psychology are treated more specifically in relation to major issues in Western philosophy. Michael Slote shows that empathy and emotion play a role in speech acts (like assertion and thanking) that speech act theory has totally ignored. Similarly, he treats the age-old question of whether justice pays using psychological material that has not previously been recognized. Finally, the implications of psychological egoism are discussed in terms of some new psychological and, indeed, human distinctions. Human life is pervaded by instincts and aspirations that are neither egoistic nor altruistic, and recognizing that fact can help put egoism in its place. It is less of a challenge to morality than we have realized.