The conquest of malaria [electronic resource] : Italy, 1900-1962 / Frank M. Snowden.Material type: TextPublisher: New Haven : Yale University Press, c2006Description: 1 online resource (viii, 296 p.) : ill., map.ISBN: 9780300128437 (electronic bk.); 0300128436 (electronic bk.); 9780300108996 (alk. paper); 0300108990 (alk. paper); 1281721557; 9781281721556.Subject(s): Malaria -- Italy -- History -- 20th century | Malaria -- Treatment -- Italy -- History -- 20th century | Mosquitoes -- Control -- Italy -- History -- 20th century | Malaria -- Italy -- History | Malaria -- prevention and control -- Italy | Antimalarials -- Italy -- History | Antimalarials -- therapeutic use -- Italy | History, 20th Century -- Italy | Mosquito Control -- Italy -- History | MEDICAL -- Preventive Medicine | MEDICAL -- Forensic Medicine | MEDICAL -- Public Health | მედიცინა-- პრევენციული მედიცინა-- მალარიაGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Conquest of malaria.DDC classification: 614.5/32/00945 LOC classification: RC163.I8 | S56 2006ebOnline resources: EBSCOhost
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|ელ.რესურსი||ეროვნული სამეცნიერო ბიბლიოთეკა 1||614(45)”19” (Browse shelf)||Available|
Includes bibliographical references (p. 225-286) and index.
Malaria: the "Italian National Disease" -- From miasma to mosquito: the Rome school of malariology -- A nation mobilizes -- From quinine to women's rights: hopes, illusions, and victories -- The first world war and epidemic disease -- Fascism, racism, and littoria -- Creating disaster: nazism and bioterror in the pontine marshes -- Fighting disaster: DDT and old weapons.
At the outset of the twentieth century, malaria was Italy's major public health problem. It was the cause of low productivity, poverty, and economic backwardness, while it also stunted literacy, limited political participation and undermined the army. In this book Frank Snowden recounts how Italy became the world centre for the development of malariology as a medical discipline and launched the first national campaign to eradicate the disease. Snowden traces the early advances, the setbacks of world wars and Fascist dictatorship and the final victory against malaria after World War II. He shows how the medical and teaching professions helped educate people in their own self-defence and in the process expanded trade unionism, women's consciousness and civil liberties. He also discusses the antimalarial effort under Mussolini's regime and reveals the shocking details of the German army's intentional release of malaria among Italian civilians - the first and only known example of bioterror in twentieth-century Europe. Comprehensive and enlightening, this history offers important lessons for today's global malaria emergency.